■ The highly transmissible XBB.1.5 subvariant of the Omicron variant has quickly become, in New York state, the dominant strain of the virus that causes COVID-19. It accounted for 52 percent of infections in New York state for the two-week period ending on Dec. 31, according to state variant data. The strain made up just 2 percent of infections for the period ending Nov.  19.

■ The level of COVID-19 infections in Putnam County has been downgraded to “high” by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. At that level, the CDC recommends that people wear masks in public indoor spaces, including on public transportation. The agency also recommends that people test for COVID-19 if they have symptoms and take additional precautions if they are at risk for severe  illness.

■ The 7-day average of COVID cases per 100,000 residents in Dutchess County rose to 24.5 on Dec. 8, compared to 14.7 on Nov. 24, according to data from the state Department of Health. Putnam County’s average was also higher, 27.7 on Dec. 8 versus 23.5 two weeks earlier. The state data does not include positive results from home tests.

■ Putnam Hospital Center reported 11 COVID patients on Dec. 8, the facility’s highest one-day census since Feb. 5. Five of the patients were admitted specifically because they were sick with COVID. The remaining patients were admitted for reasons other than COVID but tested positive for infection.

■The Food and Drug Administration authorized on Dec. 8 the dispensing of the bivalent COVID booster shot for children as young as 6 months old. Both Moderna and Pfizer updated their original vaccines to also target two subvariants of the Omicron variant of the virus that causes COVID. For more information, read the FDA’s announcement.

■ An advisory panel to the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommended on Oct. 20 that COVID-19 vaccines be added to the immunization schedule for children and adults next year. The recommendation by the CDC’s Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices is not a mandate, and states determine the vaccines required to attend school.

■ Putnam County is holding a clinic on Oct. 3 at which residents 12 and older who have gone at least two months since their last shot can receive a new vaccine booster made by Pfizer that targets Omicron subvariants of the virus that causes COVID-19. The clinic takes place from 3 to 6 p.m. at the county Health Department, 1 Geneva Road in Brewster. Registration is required and can be completed online here.

■ The state Department of Health launched on Sept. 21 a new website with information and resource for people experiencing “long COVID,” the name given to the presence of various symptoms after the initial infection is over. The site includes an overview of long COVID and its symptoms and links to resources for patients and doctors.

■Booster shots of new Pfizer and Moderna vaccines designed to target two Omicron subvariants, as well as the original strain of the virus that causes COVID-19, are now available to New York residents who are at least two months past their last shot, Gov. Kathy Hochul said on Sept. 7. The Pfizer boosters are authorized for people 12 and older and the Moderna shots for those 18 and older.

■ As of Sept. 7, masks are no longer required to be worn by passengers on Metro-North trains and other modes of public transportation in New York state, as well as for-hire vehicles, airports, correctional facilities and detention centers, and homeless shelters. Masks will still be required at adult care and health care facilities regulated by the state Department of Health, and in clinical settings regulated by the Office of Mental Health, Office of Addiction Services and Supports and the Office for People With Developmental Disabilities.

■ The Food and Drug Administration authorized booster shots of updated Pfizer and Moderna vaccines that have been reengineered to target the Omicron variant of the virus that causes COVID-19, along with the original strain of the virus. The authorization covers, for people 18 and older, a single shot at least two months after the last dose. More information is available at the FDA website.

■New York State released on Aug. 22 updated guidance for schools that eliminates a recommendation that students and staff quarantine if exposed to someone with COVID-19 and drops a “test-to-stay” policy that allowed school districts to use daily testing to keep exposed students in school. The new guidance, which follows relaxed guidelines from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, also allows schools to do away with COVID-19 screening, except for high-risk activities or in response to outbreaks, and a recommendation that schools group students into pods or cohorts. Visit the state’s COVID guidance website for more information.

■ People exposed to someone with COVID-19 no longer need to quarantine but can instead wear a high-quality mask for 10 days and test themselves on Day 1, according to updated guidance for the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The CDC revised its recommendation for social distancing, saying individuals can decided for themselves based on their setting, and also rescinded its recommendation that asymptomatic people be screened in community settings. Visit the CDC website for more information.

■ Since July 1, the percentage of COVID-19 tests confirmed to be positive each day in Dutchess County averaged 13 percent, and in Putnam County, 10.8 percent, according to state data through Aug.  8. The statewide 7-day average positivity rate on Monday stood at 8.51 percent. The data does not include results from at-home tests unless they are reported to local health departments.

■ Eleven Dutchess County residents died of COVID-19 during the 23 days from July 16 and Aug. 8, matching the total deaths in the previous 40 days, from May 23 to July 15. As of Aug. 8, the state reported 682 total COVID-19 deaths among Dutchess residents and 128 in Putman County.

■ Although still dwarfed by first-time infections, the number of reinfections in Dutchess, Putnam and the five other counties that make up the state’s Mid-Hudson region began rising again in July after falling to 4.2 percent per 100,000 people from 7.3 percent between May 9 and the week beginning June 13. For the week beginning July 13, the rate was back up to 6.7 percent, with the 1,083 reinfections accounting for 18 percent of all new COVID-19 cases reported that week.

■ Gov. Kathy Hochul said on July 20 that the state is preparing a plan to respond to a potential new wave of COVID-19 cases in the fall. The plan will include strategies for protecting students as schools reopen. She also said that the state is soliciting bids from consultants, one of whom will be hired to assess New York’s pandemic response.

■ The state said on July 11 that is has launched a hotline — 888-TREAT-NY (888-873-2869) — that people who test positive and do not have a health care provider can use to find treatment options. Residents also can find more information about treatments at health.ny.gov.

■ Schools are no longer required to report positive tests among students, teachers and staff to the state. During the 2021-22 academic year, 387 Beacon students, 59 teachers and 52 staff members tested positive; Haldane reported that 272 students, 25 teachers and 35 staff tested positive; and Garrison said 68 students, 11 teachers and eight staff tested positive.

■ New York announced on June 30 that it has issued nearly 11 million Excelsior Passes, including the most recent version of the app, Excelsior Pass Plus, a digital copy of an individual’s vaccination or testing record. The pass is now recognized by 23 states, Puerto Rico and Canada. The state also offers the Excelsior Pass Scanner app for businesses. Visit epass.ny.gov to retrieve a free Excelsior Pass Plus. Parents and guardians can hold passes for children and teenagers.

■ The Food and Drug Administration authorized on June 17 the use of the Moderna and Pfizer vaccines for children as young as 6 months old. Both vaccines had been limited to children 5 years old and up. The FDA’s announcement includes information on the effectiveness of the vaccines in children between 6 months and 5 years old and side effects.

■ The state’s 7-day average of new cases per 100,000 dropped on May 31 to its lowest level since April 27 as the current wave of infections continues to recede, Gov. Kathy Hochul said. The average, which stood at 51 per 100,000 on May 11, fell to 32.8 on Wednesday. Dutchess County’s 7-day average was 27.4 on Tuesday, compared to 41.4 on May 11. In Putnam County, the average had fallen to 31.8 from 47.5 over the same period.

■ Dutchess County is encouraging residents who test positive to ask their doctors about using approved antiviral and antibody drugs that can reduce the chances of a severe infection. “There are now medications that can mitigate the impacts and avoid hospitalization,” Health Commissioner Livia Santiago-Rosado said on May 24. “We encourage residents who test positive to explore this option quickly.”

■ The Food and Drug Administration authorized on May 17 a single booster dose of the Pfizer vaccine for children between 5 and 11 years old. The dose is recommended at least five months after the primary series of shots. The FDA had already authorized a booster dose for adolescents between 12 and 15 years old. The announcement is posted at the agency’s website.

■ The state Department of Health is recommending indoor mask-wearing for both vaccinated and unvaccinated residents, of Dutchess and Putnam, which are among the counties in New York designated “high risk” because of infection levels. The state reported a COVID-19 case rate of 51.8 per 100,000 for Dutchess as of May 12, compared to 6.8 on March 1. Putnam’s rate per 100,000 rose from 8.1 per 100,000 on March 1 to 79.9. The state’s data does not include positive cases from at-home tests unless residents report their results.

■ Hochul said on May 8 that she had tested positive for COVID-19. The governor said she was asymptomatic and would work remotely this week while isolating.

■ Dutchess County exceeded 100 new positive cases for a fourth straight day on May 5, the first time that has occurred since the first four days of February. Cases also continue to rise in Putnam County, according to state data, which does not reflect all positive cases because people are not required to report results from at-home tests. The state reported an average of 54 new cases a day for Putnam County from May 3 to May 6, a level the county last reached in late-January.

■ Dutchess County reported 482 active cases as of April 23, its highest total since Feb. 6. Active cases in the county have more than doubled since April 5. The total is most likely an undercount because people who test positive using home COVID-19 tests are not required to report their results.

■ Putnam County reported a 7-day average of 218 new cases per 100,000 residents on April 20, more than double the 7-day average of 104 cases per 100,000 reported on March 20.

■Dutchess County’s Medical Reserve Corps won a national award for its response to COVID-19. The National Medical Reserve Corps recognized Dutchess’ volunteers with a 2022 Community Response Award, County Executive Marc Molinaro said on April 25. The corps’ 500 volunteers devoted more than 50,000 hours to helping vaccinate residents, helping people without computers book vaccination appointments and assisting residents with transportation, said Molinaro. Volunteers also helped with contact tracing and delivered groceries to residents isolated at home, he said.

Dutchess County Medical Reserve Corps
Volunteers with the Dutchess County Medical Reserve Corps won a national award for their work during the county’s pandemic response.

■ Two new “highly contagious” subvariants of the Omicron variant “are likely contributing” to the rise in new COVID-19 cases in the Central New York and Finger Lakes regions, the state Department of Health said on April 13. While there is no evidence that the subvariants cause more severe symptoms, “The Department’s findings are the first reported instances of significant community spread due to the new subvariants in the United States,” said DOH.

■ The Food and Drug Administration on April 14 authorized, for emergency use, the InspectIR COVID-19 Breathalyzer, which can detect COVID-19 using breath samples. The test, done with a device that is the size of carry-on luggage, can provide results in less than three minutes, said the FDA. In a study of 2,409 people, the test correctly identified 91.2 percent of positive samples and 99.3 percent of negative samples, according to the agency.

■ The 57 new COVID-19 cases in Dutchess County reported by the state Department of Health for April 5 was the county’s highest-one day total since Feb. 12, reflecting a general uptick in infections statewide. Putnam’s 38 new cases on Tuesday was its highest one-day total since Feb. 17.

■ New York state residents who are eligible can begin making appointments for a second booster shot if at least four months have passed since their first booster, said Hochul on April 2. The FDA authorized second Pfizer or Moderna boosters for: anyone age 50 and over; those who received the Johnson & Johnson vaccine for both their primary and first booster shots; and residents 18 and over with compromised immune systems. The shots are free. More information is available at the state’s booster dose webpage.

■ The Food and Drug Administration authorized, on March 29, a second booster shot of the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines for anyone age 50 and older; a second booster of the Pfizer vaccine for people age 12 and up with weakened immune system; and a second booster of the Moderna vaccine for those 18 and older with compromised immune systems. In each case, the second booster is recommended beginning four months after the first. More information can be found here.

■ Of the 57 positive COVID-19 cases reported since March 13 among Putnam County students, 49 were confirmed in the seven-day period ending March 26, according to date from the state, which lifted its mask mandate for schools on March 2. Nine of Haldane’s 14 student positives since March 13 were reported between March 20 and Saturday, and all three of Garrison’s. Five Beacon students have tested positive since March 13, including two during the seven-day period ending Saturday.

■ Despite a “small relative uptick” in COVID-19 cases, state Health Commissioner Mary Bassett said on March 21 that the state is not expecting a wave of new cases from the subvariant of the Omicron variant designated BA.2. While BA.2 is behind a new growth in cases in Europe, and is more transmissible than Omicron, it “does not appear to cause more severe illness and it doesn’t appear to have any more ability to evade the vaccination immunity,” said Bassett. The subvariant represents about 42 percent of new cases, she said.

New York will distribute 20 million testing kits to schools, nursing homes, adult care facilities, senior centers and food banks, and to elected officials for distribution to the public, Hochul said on March 17. For schools, 1 million tests will be distributed every other week until the school year ends, she said. The state said it has so far given out more than 54 million kits since Jan. 1.

More than $500 million has been awarded to nearly 29,000 small businesses through New York’s Pandemic Small Business Recovery Grant Program, Hochul said on March 17. Businesses with 10 or fewer employees have received 98 percent of the funds and women- and minority-owned businesses, 90 percent, said Hochul. Funding is still available. Visit the Empire State Development website for more information.

Masks will no longer be required at the Philipstown Community Center starting on March 2, said Amber Stickle, director of the town’s Recreation Department.

Putnam County on March 1 joined Dutchess County in announcing that it would not require masks for schools and daycare centers when the state’s mandate ends on March 2. Although the statewide mandate is lifted, counties and cities can still require masking in their local schools and daycares.

The state Department of Health released on Feb. 28 data showing waning vaccine effectiveness for children, adolescents and teenagers between ages 5 to 17, who are eligible to receive the Pfizer vaccine. From Dec. 13 to Jan. 20, effectiveness for those between 12 and 17 years old fell to 51 percent from 66 percent, said DOH. For children between 5 and 11 years old, effectiveness declined to 12 percent from 68 percent, according to the data. More data can be found at the DOH website.

New York’s mask mandate for schools and daycare programs will end, effective March 2, Hochul said on Feb. 27. “With more New Yorkers getting vaccinated, and the steady decline over the past several weeks in cases and hospitalizations from Omicron, we are now entering a new phase of the pandemic,” she said. Counties and cities can still impose their own mask mandates. Dutchess County Executive Marc Molinaro said on Sunday that he will not require them in local school districts. The order does not prevent parents from sending their children to school with masks.

New York State will not enforce a Feb. 21 deadline for workers at hospitals, nursing homes and other health care facilities to receive a booster shot “in order to avoid potential staffing issues and give healthcare workers more time,” Health Commissioner Mary Bassett said on Feb. 18. “The state will reassess in three months whether additional steps need to be taken to increase booster rates among the healthcare work force,” said Bassett.

Haldane’s administrators will be speaking to students about a possible end to the state’s mask mandate for schools in the next weeks, Superintendent Philip Benante said in an email to parents on Feb. 17. Gov. Kathy Hochul has said that the state will renew the mask requirement for schools during the first week of March. Benante said that the end to the mandate will not affect other health and safety measures, including air filtration, the use of outdoor spaces and social distancing.

■ New York reported 2,317 new cases on Feb. 14, a drop of 97 percent from an Omicron-wave peak of 90,132 new cases on Jan. 7.

■ The state reported 7 new COVID-19 cases for Putnam County on Feb. 13, the first time positive cases for any single day of testing have been below 10 since Nov. 8.

■ A study of hospitalizations and emergency room and urgent care visits showed that a booster dose of the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines was 91 percent effective against hospitalization during the Omicron wave for people who had their third shot within two months and 78 percent effective for those who had it four months or later, said the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention on Feb. 11.

■ The state on Feb. 10 lifted a mandate that businesses and venues require masks indoors or verify that customers are vaccinated. Counties and individual businesses can still require that customers wear masks. The mandate had been put into place Dec. 10 in response to a wave of COVID-19 cases fueled by the Omicron variant, but that surge is receding. “Business owners still have the the right to set rules regarding masking for their facilities, so please be respectful of their decisions,” said Beacon Mayor Lee Kyriacou in an email to residents. A mask requirement remains for schools, health care and adult-care facilities, homeless and domestic violence shelters and public transportation, said Gov. Hochul. The mandate for schools will be reassessed during the first week of March, she said.

■ As of Feb. 7, new daily COVID-19 cases in Dutchess County had fallen to pre-Omicron levels. The 66 new cases reported on Monday represented the third straight day Dutchess reported fewer than 100. It was also just the fourth day the county was under 100 new cases since Nov. 29, just before the Omicron variant fueled a record-breaking wave of infections. Dutchess set a pandemic high of 1,110 new cases on Jan. 7. Putnam County is experiencing the same trend. As of Monday, new cases had been below 30 for four straight days. Less than four weeks earlier, on Dec. 28, Putnam had a pandemic high of 630 new cases.

■ Dutchess County will distribute free home COVID-19 test kits and KN95 masks during a drive-through event from 11 a.m. to 1 p.m. on Feb. 6 at Red Hook High School, 103 W. Market St. in Red Hook. Kits will be limited to county residents and two per vehicle. Each kit contains two tests.

■ Beacon is planning to distribute free at-home COVID-19 tests from 5 to 7:30 p.m. on Feb. 1 at two locations: Howland Public Library at 313 Main St. and the city Recreation Department at 23 W. Center St. The city is giving out one kit per household and requires proof of Beacon residency. Visit beaconny.gov for more information.

■ Putnam County is reducing hours at its COVID-19 testing sites in Philipstown and Carmel. The Philipstown Recreation Center at 107 Glenclyffe in Garrison will be open for testing on Wednesdays only, from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m., the county said on Jan. 28. The Paladin Center at 39 Seminary Hill Road in Carmel will open for testing on Mondays and Fridays, from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m.

■ Putnam County’s Department of Health will hold its last vaccination clinic on Feb. 8. The county, which has vaccinated about 25,400 people since opening its first clinic in January 2021, is winding down as cases fall and “people are now, unfortunately, not worrying about getting vaccinated,” said Dr. Michael Nesheiwat, health commissioner, on Jan. 28. Pharmacies and other providers will be able to handle the future demand for vaccinations, he said.

■ New York’s indoor mask mandate, which is being challenged in state court, will be extended to Feb. 10, Gov. Hochul said on Jan. 28. Her administration is appealing a state Supreme Court ruling that the mandate is unconstitutional because it was ordered by the Department of Health and not approved by the Legislature.

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